Chapter 16: Investigations
16.1 Purpose of Chapter; Penalties; Orders
(a) To enable the Commission to enforce the provisions of the Civil Service Article and the Civil
Service Rules, the Commission may investigate conduct asserted to be in violation thereof.
(b) When, after a public investigative hearing, a state classified employee is found to have violated
the Civil Service Article or a Civil Service Rule, the Commission may order him suspended, demoted,
discharged or otherwise disciplined or fined for contempt in accordance with Rules 2.11 -2.13.
(c) When, after a public investigative hearing, the conduct of any person is found to have violated
the Civil Service Article or a Civil Service Rule, the Commission may issue such orders as it deems
16.2 Requests for Investigation
(a) Any person who suspects that there has been a violation of the Civil Service Article or a Civil
Service Rule may file a request for investigation with the Director.
(b) A request for investigation must be in writing and may not be combined with any other matter
filed with the Director. It should: be clearly identified as a request for investigation; provide the
name, mailing address and daytime telephone number of the person filing the request; and describe
the conduct to be investigated in as much detail as is available to the person filing the request.
(c) A request for investigation shall not be a public record.
16.3 Investigations by the Director
(a) The Director may, on his own initiative, investigate any suspected violation of the Civil Service
Article or a Civil Service Rule and shall conduct such investigations as ordered by the
(b) Upon receipt of a request for investigation, the Director or his designee
shall conduct such investigation as he deems warranted based on the information
contained in the request for investigation.
(c) Following an investigation, the Director may issue a letter of
admonishment, take corrective action, order an appointing authority to take
corrective action, impose special reporting requirements on an appointing
authority, revoke authority previously granted by the Director, require an
appointing authority to obtain prior approval of personnel actions, file formal
charges under Rule 16.4, report the facts disclosed in the investigation to the
legislative auditor, attorney general, district attorney, or other
officers, and/or take or order any other action deemed appropriate.
(d) Corrective action may include, but is not limited to, rescinding an
action and associated compensation, and the effecting of back-pay to an
(e) Corrective action which reduces an employee’s pay, lowers an employee’s
pay grade, results in loss of permanent status, or nullifies an appointment,
shall not become effective until the employee has been given notice of the
reasons for the action, and a reasonable opportunity to respond.
16.4 Formal Charges
(a) Any person who asserts that there has been a violation of the Civil Service Article or a Civil
Service Rule may file formal charges with the Commission.
(b) Formal charges should be clearly identified as such, may not be combined with any other matter
filed with the Director or the Commission and must:
- be in writing;
- contain the name, mailing address, and daytime telephone number of the person filing the charges
(hereafter, the complainant) and of his attorney, if any;
- contain the name and mailing address of each person who is charged with committing a violation
(hereafter, a respondent);
- identify which provision of the Civil Service Article and/or which Civil Service Rule was
- describe, in sufficient detail to enable the respondent to prepare a defense, the conduct that
violated the Civil Service Article and/or a Civil Service Rule;
- describe, in detail, the facts which led the complainant to conclude that a violation occurred;
- state what action the complainant wants the Commission to take as a result of the investigation; and
- describe what evidence the complainant has to prove the charges.
(c) When formal charges are filed by someone other than the Director, the Director shall be given
an opportunity to join as a complainant.
(d) Formal charges shall not be a public record.
16.5 Commission Action on Formal Charges
(a) Each filing which purports to be formal charges shall be considered by the Commission in
executive session. Thereafter, in its sole discretion, the Commission may take such action as it deems
appropriate, including any of the following:
- decline to investigate the matter and order the charges dismissed;
- order the Director to conduct an investigation and to submit a report thereon;
- offer the complainant an opportunity to provide additional information; and/or
- order a public investigative hearing on some or all of the charges.
(b) Written notice of the Commission's action shall be given to the complainant.
16.6 Docketing of Public Investigations
After the Commission orders a public investigative hearing, the charges to be investigated shall be
docketed and the case shall become a public record. Copies of the charges to be investigated and the
Commission's order shall be mailed to each complainant, each respondent and each respondent's
appointing authority, if any.
16.7 Parties; Notice to Parties
(a) The parties to a public investigation are the complainant(s) and the respondent(s). Upon his
written request, a respondent's appointing authority may be made a party.
(b) Whenever this Chapter requires notice to the parties, notice shall be given to all counsel of record
and to all unrepresented parties. Notice to counsel of record shall constitute notice to the party he
16.8 Consolidation of Public Investigations
Two or more public investigations involving common issues of law or fact or two or more public
investigations involving the same parties may be consolidated for hearing.
16.9 Notice of Hearings
Written notice of the time and place for a public investigative hearing shall be mailed to the parties
at least 30 calendar days before the date of the hearing. With the consent of the parties, this notice
and delay may be waived.
16.10 Continuance of Hearings
A public investigative hearing may be continued by the Commission on its own motion or by the
Commission, its Chairman or the Director:
(a) for good cause shown; or
(b) by consent of all parties; or
(c) if it is not reached for hearing.
16.11 Summary Disposition
(a) The Commission, on its own motion or on motion of a party, may summarily dispose of a public
investigation under Rule 16.14(b) or Rule 16.15(a) or on any of the following grounds:
- that the conduct to be investigated, even if proved, would not constitute a violation of the Civil
Service Article or a Civil Service Rule;
- that the conduct to be investigated has not been described in sufficient detail to enable the
respondent to prepare a defense;
- that the facts asserted to support the conclusion that a violation occurred, even if proved, do not
support that conclusion;
- that the matter under investigation has become moot;
- that the complainant has already been afforded an opportunity to prove the same charges in an
appeal hearing or in another public investigative hearing;
- that the complainant has failed to bear his burden of proof.
(b) A party may move for summary disposition orally at the public investigative hearing or in writing
any time before the Commission renders its final decision in the case.
(c) When the Commission summarily disposes of a public investigation, it shall render a decision in
accordance with Rule 16.16.
16.12 Withdrawal of Charges
(a) With the approval of the Commission, the charges to be investigated may be withdrawn upon the
complainant's written request filed before the date of the public investigative hearing or upon the
complainant's oral request made at the hearing.
(b) With the approval of the Commission, the parties may settle a public investigation and the
settlement shall constitute a final disposition of the investigation.
16.13 Amendment of Charges
(a) The charges to be investigated may be amended or supplemented by the Commission on its own
motion or, with the approval of the Commission, on written motion of the complainant.
(b) The respondent shall be notified of any amended or supplemental charges to be investigated and
shall be given a reasonable opportunity to prepare his defense against the additional charges.
16.14 Procedure for Hearings
(a) The burden of proof, as to the facts, shall be on the complainant.
(b) The Commission may require the complainant to give his sworn testimony before hearing any
other witness and if the Commission finds from such testimony that there is no just or legal ground
to support the charges, it may decline to hear or consider any other evidence and dismiss the
(c) If the investigation is not dismissed under subsection (b), the Commission shall allow the
complainant to present such evidence as is relevant to the charges.
(d) The charges against a respondent shall not be accepted as prima facie true. Evidence shall not
be received from the complainant to supplement or enlarge the charges except as approved under
Rule 16.13. The respondent may rebut any proof offered by the complainant in support of the
(e) Except insofar as they refer to referees, the provisions of Civil Service Rule 13.19(a), (b), (d),
(g), (h), (i), (j), (k), (l), (n), (o), (p) and (q) are hereby made applicable to public investigative
16.15 Failure of Parties to Appear at Hearing
(a) If the complainant, without having been granted a continuance, is neither present nor represented
at the place and time fixed for a public investigative hearing, the Commission may order the
(b) If a respondent or a respondent's appointing authority, without having been granted a
continuance, is neither present nor represented at the place and time fixed for a public investigative
hearing, he may be deemed to have waived his appearance and testimony may be taken in his absence
with the same effect as if he were present.
16.15.1 Attorney's Fees
When a complainant does not bear his burden of proving the charge(s) and the Commission finds
there is no reasonable basis for the complaint, the Commission may order him to pay reasonable
attorney's fees in an amount not to exceed $1,500 per respondent.
After concluding a public investigative hearing, the Commission shall render a written decision. The
Commission's decision shall be final on the day that is rendered and on that date, the Director shall
mail a copy of the decision to the parties.
16.17 Certain Rules Governing Appeal Hearings Adopted by Reference
Except insofar as they refer to referees, the provisions of the following rules are hereby made
applicable to public investigative hearings:
(a) Rule 13.16 - "Place of Hearing."
(b) Rule 13.21 - "Subpoena of Witnesses; Production of Documents."
(c) Rule 13.24 - "Transcripts of Proceedings of Appeals to the Commission."
(d) Rule 13.25 - "Refusal to Appear; Refusal to Testify; False Testimony."
(e) Rule 13.26 - "Costs of Appeals."
(f) Rule 13.27 - "Witness Fees."
(g) Rule 13.29 - "Interlocutory Rulings."
(h) Rule 13.32 - "Recusation of Commissioner or Referee."
(i) Rule 13.33 - "Interrogatories; Pre-Trial Discovery; Rehearing of Appeal."
16.18 Repealed effective July 1, 2013.